Definition: A class of lipoproteins of small size (4-13 nm) and dense (greater than 1.063 g/ml) particles. HDL lipoproteins, synthesized in the liver without a lipid core, accumulate cholesterol esters from peripheral tissues and transport them to the liver for re-utilization or elimination from the body (the reverse cholesterol transport). Their major protein component is APOLIPOPROTEIN A-I. HDL also shuttle APOLIPOPROTEINS C and APOLIPOPROTEINS E to and from triglyceride-rich lipoproteins during their catabolism. HDL plasma level has been inversely correlated with the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Other names alpha-Lipoproteins; High-Density Lipoproteins; alpha Lipoproteins; Lipoproteins, High-Density; Lipoproteins, Heavy; High Density Lipoproteins; HDL Lipoproteins; alpha-1 Lipoprotein; Heavy Lipoproteins